I-Sugar dung beetle (i-Coprinellus saccharinus) isithombe nencazelo

Okuqukethwe

Ibhungane likashukela (Coprinellus saccharinus)

Okuhlelekile:
  • Isigaba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Ukuhlukaniswa iziqephu: I-Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Ikilasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Isigaba esingaphansi: I-Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • I-oda: I-Agaricales (i-Agaric noma i-Lamellar)
  • Umndeni: Psathyrellaceae (Psatyrellaceae)
  • Uhlobo: Coprinellus
  • Uhlobo: I-Coprinellus saccharinus (i-Sugar dung beetle)
  • I-Coprinus saccharine I-Romagn (ayisasebenzi)

I-Sugar dung beetle (i-Coprinellus saccharinus) isithombe nencazelo

I-Bibliography: Coprinellus saccharinus (Romagna) P. Roux, Guy Garcia & Dumas, A Thousand and One Fungi: 13 (2006)

Uhlobo lwaqala ukuchazwa nguHenri Charles Louis Romagnesi ngo-1976 ngegama elithi Coprinus saccharinus. Njengomphumela wezifundo ze-phylogenetic ezenziwa ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-2006 nele-XNUMX, izazi ze-mycologists zasungula uhlobo lwe-polyphyletic yohlobo lwe-Coprinus futhi lwahlukaniswa lwaba izinhlobo eziningana. Igama lesimanje elaqashelwa yi-Index Fungorum lanikezwa lezi zinhlobo ngo-XNUMX.

ikhanda: encane, kumakhowe amancane angaba ngu-30 mm ububanzi no-16-35 mm ukuphakama. Ekuqaleni i-ovoid, bese ivuleka ibe yinsimbi, futhi ekugcineni ibe yi-convex. Ububanzi be-cap ye-mushroom omdala bufika ku-5 cm. Ingaphezulu line-radially striated, ocher-brown, brownish, brown brown ngombala, mnyama phezulu, ansundu, ansundu ngokugqwalile, alula ngasemaphethelweni. Embozwe ngama-flakes amancane amhlophe noma ama-scale amhlophe - izinsalela ze-coverlet evamile. Izibonelo ezincane zinokuningi kwazo; kumakhowe amadala, ngokuvamile acishe akhukhulwe yimvula noma amazolo. Lezi zikali ngaphansi kwe-microscope:

I-Sugar dung beetle (i-Coprinellus saccharinus) isithombe nencazelo

Ikepisi liboshwe kahle ngokugqamile ukusuka onqenqemeni futhi licishe liye phezulu kakhulu.

Ngesikhathi sokuvuthwa, njengamanye amabhungane, "ikhipha uyinki", kodwa hhayi ngokuphelele.

amapuleti: ukunamathela okukhululekile noma okubuthakathaka, njalo, amapuleti agcwele angama-55-60, anamapuleti, amancane, amhlophe noma amhlophe kumakhowe amancane, kamuva - grey, brownish, brown, bese ephenduka amnyama futhi afiphele, aphenduke "inki" emnyama.

Leg: bushelelezi, i-cylindrical, ukuphakama kuka-3-7 cm, kuyaqabukela kufika ku-10 cm, kuze kufike ku-0,5 cm ubukhulu. Imhlophe, i-fibrous, ingenalutho. Ukuqina ngezinsalela zesihenqo esivamile kungenzeka esisekelweni.

I-Ozonium: engekho. Iyini "i-Ozonium" nokuthi ibukeka kanjani - esihlokweni esithi Homemade dung beetle.

Umtfumbu: izacile, i-brittle, i-white in the cap, imhlophe, i-fibrous esiqwini.

Iphunga futhi unambitha: ngaphandle kwezici.

I-spore powder imprint: omnyama.

Izici ze-Microscopic

Impikiswano i-ellipsoid noma efana kancane ne-mitriforms (esesimweni sesigqoko sombhishobhi), ebushelelezi, enodonga oluwugqinsi, enezimbotshana ezimilayo eziyi-1,4–2 µm ububanzi. Ubukhulu: L = 7,3–10,5 µm; W = 5,3-7,4; Q = 1,27–1,54, Qm: 1,40.

I-Sugar dung beetle (i-Coprinellus saccharinus) isithombe nencazelo

I-Sugar dung beetle (i-Coprinellus saccharinus) isithombe nencazelo

I-Pileocystidia ne-calocystidia azikho.

I-Cheilocystidia eminingi, enkulu, eyi-cylindrical, 42–47 x 98–118 µm.

I-pleurocystidia efanayo 44–45 x 105–121 µm ngosayizi.

Izithelo kusukela ngasekupheleni kwehlobo kuya ekwindla.

Ibhungane lobulongwe likashukela lisakazwa kabanzi eYurophu, kodwa alivamile. Noma ngokuvamile kuvame ukuphutha nge-Twinnkling Duckweed eyaziwa kangcono kakhulu (i-Coprinellus micaceus).

I-Saprotroph. Ikhula emahlathini aluhlaza naxubile, otshanini, ezingadini nasezikweleni emagatsheni abolayo, izinsalela zokhuni, iziqu eziwile kanye neziphunzi, odongeni lwamaqabunga awile. Ingamila phezu kwezinkuni ezigqitshwe emhlabathini. Yakha amapheshana amancane.

Ayikho idatha ethembekile, akukho ukuvumelana.

Imithombo eminingi ikhombisa ukuthi ibhungane lobulongwe liyadliwa ngokwemibandela, njengoba kunjalo nebhungane lobulongwe elicwebezelayo eliseduze nalo, okungukuthi, kufanele kuqoqwe izigqoko zamakhowe amancane, ukubilisa kokuqala kusuka emizuzwini emi-5 kuye kweyi-15 kuyadingeka.

Imithombo eminingana ihlukanisa njengezinhlobo ezingenakudliwa.

Sizobeka ngokucophelela i-beetle ye-Sugar Dung esigabeni samakhowe angenakudliwa futhi sicele abafundi bethu ukuthi bangazivivinyi ngokwabo: vumela ochwepheshe bakwenze. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngikholwe, akukho lutho olukhethekile lokudla lapho, futhi ukunambitheka kunjalo-njalo.

I-Sugar dung beetle (i-Coprinellus saccharinus) isithombe nencazelo

Ibhungane lobulongwe elicwebezelayo (Coprinellus micaceus)

Ngokwe-morphologically, i-Sugar dung beetle ayihlukani kakhulu ne-Flickering dung beetle, zombili lezi zinhlobo zikhula ezimeni ezifanayo. Umehluko kuphela umbala wezikali esigqokweni. Ngokucwayiza, acwebezela njengezicucu zikamama weparele, ngoShukela, amhlophe nje. Ezingeni le-microscopic, i-C. saccharinus ihlukaniswa ngokungabikho kwe-calocystids, ubukhulu nokuma kwezinhlamvu - i-ellipsoidal noma i-ovoid, i-miter encane kakhulu kune-Flicker.

Ukuze uthole uhlu oluphelele lwezinhlobo ezifanayo, "I-Flicker-Like Dung", bheka i-Flicker Dung.

Isithombe: Sergey.

shiya impendulo