Uhlu lwamaqanda

Imibhalo yamaqanda

Mayelana namaqanda

amaqanda

amaqanda aqukethe amaprotheni agayeka kalula aqinisa amathambo nemisipha. Yehlisa umfutho wegazi, isekele ukusebenza kobuchopho, futhi ilwe nesisindo eseqile.

Iqanda liwukuphela komkhiqizo wemvelo onenhlanganisela elinganisene kakhulu yezakhamzimba, izinto zokulandela umkhondo, amavithamini nama-amino acid.

Izinzuzo zamaqanda

Ngokwesibonelo, inyama yenkukhu amaprotheni angcono kune inhlanzi noma amaprotheni enyama ezindaweni zayo ezizuzisayo. Amagremu ayi-100 womkhiqizo aqukethe ama-gramu ayi-13 wamaprotheni amsulwa.

Amaqanda (inkukhu, izigwaca, idada) iqukethe i-choline, enomphumela omuhle ekusebenzeni kwesistimu yezinzwa. selenium futhi i-lutein yaziwa njengama-antioxidants anamandla. I-Carotenoids ivimbela ukulahleka kombono okuhlobene nobudala, kufaka phakathi i-cataract.

Vitamin E unesibopho sokusebenza kwemithambo yegazi nenhliziyo. Vitamin A kuqinisa amasosha omzimba. Vitamin D ilungele amathambo namazinyo.

Amaqanda acebile ngamaprotheni adingekayo ukuthola amandla. Ngakho-ke, ukugcina isibalo sakho, kunconywa ukuthi udle iqanda le-1 yenkukhu ngosuku.

Ukulimala kweqanda

Amaqanda aba yingozi uma edliwa ngobuningi futhi engaphekiwe. Lapho uhlukunyezwa (ngaphezu kuka-2 amaqanda enkukhu ngosuku), bakhulisa izinga le-cholesterol "embi".

Ukudla amaqanda aluhlaza (ngaphandle kwe- amaqanda izigwaca) kwandisa ubungozi bokuthola i-salmonella kumkhiqizo. Ngenxa yalokho, ukwehla kwamanzi emzimbeni noma ukwehluleka kwezinso kungakhula. Ngakho-ke, odokotela batusa ukuba kudliwe amaqanda abilisiwe.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, amaqanda esitolo angaqukatha ama-antibiotic noma ama-nitrate, anikezwa izinyoni ku-incubator. Izinsalela zezinto eziyingozi zingaphazamisa i-microflora yamathumbu, iphindaphindeke ngamagciwane amancane, njalonjalo.

Ungawakhetha kanjani amaqanda afanele

Lapho ukhetha amaqanda, hlola ukubukeka kwawo. Amaqanda asezingeni elifanele akanayo imifantu, ukungcola (izimpaphe nobulongwe) namakhemikhali angafakwanga kahle.

Imvamisa, iqanda ngalinye (inkukhu) libhalwa ngesigaba samaqanda nempilo yeshalofu. Uma kuboniswa uhlamvu oluthi “D”, lokhu kusho ukuthi iqanda liyizidlo futhi kufanele ligcinwe isikhathi esingeqile ezinsukwini eziyisikhombisa. I-Canteen (“C”) ingasetshenziswa ezinsukwini ezingama-25 kusukela osukwini lokukhiqizwa.

Nyakazisa iqanda, uma uzwa ukukhala, iqanda alikho. Uma iqanda likhanya kakhulu, kungenzeka ukuthi lomile noma libolile.

Ungaqiniseka ukuthi amaqanda ahlanzekile ekhaya ngamanzi futhi usawoti. Uma iqanda lindiza entweni enosawoti, khona-ke umkhiqizo uyonakala.
Amaqanda adinga ukugezwa kuphela ngaphambi kokusetshenziswa, ukuze ungqimba lwawo lokuzivikela nempilo yeshalofu igcinwe isikhathi eside.

Izimo zokugcina. Amaqanda agcinwa kahle kakhulu esiqandisini, kungapheli inyanga. Gcina iqanda elinophetho olukhonjiwe phansi ukuze likwazi “ukuphefumula” njengoba kukhona igebe lomoya ekugcineni okuncane.

shiya impendulo