amakhowe

Uhlu lwamakhowe

Imibhalo Yamakhowe

Mayelana Amakhowe

amakhowe

Kwabaningi, sekuvele kwaba isiko - ukukhetha amakhowe ehlathini eliluhlaza, ukuwaxuba futhi ujabulele ukudla okunephunga kusihlwa, wenze amalungiselelo ebusika. Uma edliwe kahle, amakhowe awusizo, kepha kukhona ukulimala kuwo uma ungalandeli imithetho elula.

 

Izinzuzo zamakhowe

Amakhowe awombuso ohlukile - ayindlela yokuphila ehluke ngokuphelele kunezitshalo. Amakhowe ahlanganisa izindawo zezitshalo nezilwane, ezazingathinti ukwakheka kwazo.

Lo mkhiqizo wadliwa ekuqaleni kwempucuko ngezinhloso ezahlukahlukene. Ngemuva kwakho konke, awekho kuphela amakhowe adliwayo, kepha futhi anobuthi. Babesetshenziswa ngamasangami ukungena esimweni esikhethekile emasikweni. Ikhono lokwehlukanisa okudliwayo kumakhowe anobuthi belilokhu laziswa, futhi kusengabalulekanga kangako kubavuni bamakhowe abancane.

Lo mkhiqizo uqukethe cishe wonke amanzi, ngakho-ke lapho womiswa amakhowe athatha isikhala esincane kakhulu futhi anesisindo esincane.
Amakhowe acebile ngamaprotheni, njengokudla kwesilwane. Ngakho-ke, kwabadla imifino kuphela, kungenye yezimbalwa ezimbalwa ezithatha lesi sithako. Okunomsoco kakhulu amakhowe wendabuko "ahloniphekile". Kepha maqondana nokwakheka kwabo namandla okukwazi ukuthonya umzimba, izinhlobo eziningi ezidliwayo azihlukile kakhulu komunye nomunye. Imvamisa inani lohlobo oluthile luba nehaba kakhulu, ngokwesibonelo, ngenxa yokutholakala kwalo kanye nokungajwayelekile.

Iningi lezinto eziwusizo ezithelo ezisencane, amakhowe amadala aqoqa ubuthi obuningi, futhi ahlukaniswa yisibungu esandayo. Futhi, amakhowe aqukethe amavithamini amaningi we-B, izakhi ezahlukahlukene zokulandela umkhondo: i-zinc, i-calcium, i-magnesium, iodine nokunye.

Ngenxa yobuningi be-chitin, egaywe kahle, izakhi zomzimba azifunxwa kahle kumakhowe. Kepha i-chitin uqobo ilusizo impela. Ngaphansi kwethonya le-asidi esiswini, iphenduka ibe yi-chitosan. Le nto ikwazi ukwehlisa amazinga e-cholesterol ngokuvimbela ukumuncwa kwamafutha nokubopha i-lipids. Ngakho-ke, ukudla amakhowe kungasiza ekugcineni impilo yemithambo nenhliziyo nokwehlisa umfutho wegazi.

Ukulimala kwamakhowe

Amakhowe "ayizipanji" zemvelo, amaqoqo ezinto eziyingozi. Ngakho-ke, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuwaqoqela kude nemigwaqo namabhizinisi ukugwema ubuthi. Kungcono ukuthatha amakhowe amancane, futhi kuphela lawo oqiniseke ngamaphesenti ayikhulu kuwo. Uma unokungabaza okuncane, ungazibeki engozini - kungabulala.

Amakhowe aqukethe ukwakheka kwawo i-polysaccharide chitin, okungeyeqembu lama-carbohydrate anzima ukugaya futhi isondele kufayibha ngokwendima yayo yezinto eziphilayo. Iletha izinzuzo ezinkulu emzimbeni wethu, ngoba iyi-sorbent futhi ingumthombo wokudla okunomsoco we-microflora yamathumbu. Kodwa-ke, lapho kukhona izifo zomgudu wamathumbu, ikakhulukazi lapho kudliwa amakhowe athosiwe ngobuningi bamafutha, angabhebhethekisa ukwanda kwawo. Kunconywa ukuthi ungadli ngaphezu kwama-100-150 amagremu wamakhowe ngesidlo esisodwa.

Ungawakhetha kanjani futhi uwagcine kanjani amakhowe ngendlela efanele

Ukugwema ubuthi ekudleni, kufanele udle kuphela amakhowe aqinisekisiwe. Lokhu kungenzeka kuphela lapho kukhethwe umcoshi wamakhowe onolwazi ezindaweni eziqhelile ezihlanzekile ngokwemvelo. Kodwa nabantu abanolwazi olunencwadi yokubhekisisa bangenza amaphutha, ngakho-ke, ngokusola okuncane, kungcono ukungathathi amakhowe.

Lapho uqoqa, khetha izithelo ezincane, ungaqoqi izibonelo ze-wormy ngokuphelele. Abantu abaningi bathatha amakhowe anjalo anezikelemu, "asazogaywa, amaprotheni." Lokhu akulona iqiniso ngokuphelele, ngoba izibungu nezinambuzane esezinze kumakhowe zikhipha ukudla kwazo okucutshunguliwe okungazifanele amathumbu. Akunakwenzeka ukuzidlisa ushevu ngalokhu, kepha namanje akwenele ngokwanele. Ukuvikela ikhowe ukuthi lingashukeli kakhulu, kufanele licutshungulwe ngokushesha emva kokuvuna.

Ukuze uzivikele, ungathenga amakhowe akhule ezindlini zokugcina izithombo. Bahlolelwa ubuthi, bahlanzwa imfucumfucu, futhi batholakala unyaka wonke. Yize kunjalo, inani labo lizoba likhulu, futhi izinzuzo zingaphansi.

Amakhowe amasha agcinwa esiqandisini izinsuku ezimbalwa. Ukunweba impilo yabo eshalofini, bangabanda noma bomiswe ukuze zihlale unyaka wonke. Ukugcina ngosizo lwe-salting ne-pickling akuyona isisombululo esihle kunazo zonke, ngoba cishe zonke izakhamzimba zilahlekile, futhi ingozi yobuthi ngenxa yokwephula ubuchwepheshe iyanda.

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