I-Radiant dung beetle (i-Coprinellus radians) isithombe nencazelo

Okuqukethwe

Ibhungane lobulongwe elikhazimulayo (Coprinellus radians)

Okuhlelekile:
  • Isigaba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Ukuhlukaniswa iziqephu: I-Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Ikilasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Isigaba esingaphansi: I-Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • I-oda: I-Agaricales (i-Agaric noma i-Lamellar)
  • Umndeni: Psathyrellaceae (Psatyrellaceae)
  • Uhlobo: Coprinellus
  • Uhlobo: I-Coprinellus radians (i-Radiant dung beetle)
  • I-Agaricus radians I-Desm. (1828)
  • Ijazi lomlimi I-Metrod (1940)
  • I-Coprinus radians (Desm.) Fr.
  • C. radians var. i-diversicystidiatus
  • C. radians var. bushelelezi
  • C. radians var. iphazamisekile
  • C. radians var. i-pachyteichotus
  • C. uthanda Berk. &Broom

I-Radiant dung beetle (i-Coprinellus radians) isithombe nencazelo

Igama lamanje: I-Coprinellus radians (Desm.) Vilgalys, Hopple & Jacq. Johnson, e-Redhead, Vilgalys, Moncalvo, Johnson & Hopple, Taxon 50(1): 234 (2001)

Uhlobo lwaqala ukuchazwa ngo-1828 nguJean Baptiste Henri Joseph Desmazieres, owaluqamba ngokuthi i-Agaricus radians. Ngo-1838 uGeorges Métrod wayidlulisela ohlotsheni lweCoprinus. Njengomphumela wezifundo ze-phylogenetic ezenziwa ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-2001 nele-XNUMX, izazi ze-mycologists zasungula i-polyphyletic ye-genus Coprinus futhi zayihlukanisa izigaba eziningana. Igama lamanje, elaqashelwa yi-Index Fungorum, lanikezwa lezi zinhlobo ngo-XNUMX.

ikhanda: Emizimbeni encane enezithelo, kuze kube yilapho i-cap iqala ukuvuleka, ubukhulu bayo bucishe bube ngu-30 x 25 mm, ukwakheka kuyi-hemispherical, ovoid noma i-ellipsoid. Enqubweni yokuthuthuka, iyakhula futhi ibe yi-conical, bese i-convex, ifinyelela ububanzi obuyi-3,5-4 cm, kuyaqabukela ifike ku-5 amasentimitha ububanzi. Isikhumba sekepisi siphuzi ngokusagolide kuya ku-ocher, kamuva sawolintshi okhanyayo, sifiphala sibe mpunga ngokukhanyayo njengoba sikhula, sibe nezinsalela zeveyili evamile ngendlela yezingcezu ezincane ezimpunga eziphuzi ngokubomvu-nsundu, ezimnyama phakathi nendawo futhi ilula ibheke emaphethelweni, ikakhulukazi amaningi maphakathi nekepisi.

Unqenqema lwekepisi lunezimbambo ngokusobala.

amapuleti: mahhala noma ukunamathela, njalo, inani lamapuleti aphelele (afinyelela esiqwini) - kusuka ku-60 kuya ku-70, anamapuleti avamile (l = 3-5). Ububanzi bamapuleti buyi-3-8 (kufika ku-10) mm. Ekuqaleni mhlophe, bese kusuka ezinhlamvu ezivuthwayo ziba grey-nsundu zibe mnyama.

Leg: ukuphakama 30-80 mm, ukujiya 2-7 mm. Ngezinye izikhathi osayizi abakhulu bayakhonjiswa: kufika ku-11 cm ukuphakama futhi kufika ku-10 mm ubukhulu. Imaphakathi, ngisho, i-cylindrical, ngokuvamile enesisekelo esifana nekilabhu esijiyilethisiwe noma i-annular. Ngokuvamile umlenze ukhula kusuka ku-ozonium - izintambo ezibomvu ze-mycelium ezakha "ikhaphethi" endaweni yokukhula kwebhungane elikhazimulayo lobulongwe. Funda kabanzi mayelana ne-ozonium esihlokweni esithi Homemade dung beetle.

Umtfumbu: mncane, untekenteke, umhlophe noma uphuzi.

iphunga: ngaphandle kwezici.

Taste: Akukho ukunambitheka okuthile, kodwa ngezinye izikhathi kuchazwa njengoswiti.

I-spore powder imprint: omnyama.

Impikiswano: 8,5–11,5 x 5,5–7 µm, i-cylindrical ellipsoid noma i-ellipsoid, enesisekelo esiyindilinga ne-apex, emaphakathi ukuya kokubomvu ngokumnyama okunsundu.

Ibhungane lobulongwe elikhazimulayo liyivelakancane, kukhona okutholakele okuqinisekisiwe okumbalwa. Kodwa, mhlawumbe, eqinisweni, likhulu kakhulu, lakhonjwa ngokungalungile njengebhungane Lobulongwe.

E-Poland, kukhona okutholakele okumbalwa okuqinisekisiwe. E-our country, kunenkolelo yokuthi ikhula eBhange Lesobunxele nasendaweni yaseCarpathian.

Ithela izithelo kusukela entwasahlobo kuya ekwindla, cishe yasakazwa yonke indawo.

Emazweni amaningana ifakiwe ohlwini lwezilwane ezisengozini yokushabalala nezivikelekile.

I-Saprotroph. Ikhula emagatsheni awile, iziqu kanye nezingodo zezihlahla ezivuthulukayo, emhlabathini we-humus onenani elikhulu lezinsalela zezinkuni. Zodwa noma ngamaqoqo amancane. Itholakala emahlathini, ezingadini, ezindaweni zamapaki, otshanini nasezingadini zasekhaya.

Ayikho idatha eqondile. Ngokunokwenzeka, inkubabulongwe ekhazimulayo iyadliwa isencane, njengazo zonke izinkubabulongwe, “ezifana nekhaya noma ezibenyezelayo.”

Kodwa-ke, kuye kwabikwa icala le-fungal keratitis (ukuvuvukala kwe-cornea) okubangelwa ama-Coprinellus radians. Isihloko esithi "I-Fungal Keratitis Engavamile Ebangelwa I-Coprinellus Radians" yanyatheliswa kumagazini i-Mycopathologia (2020).

Sizobeka ngokucophelela i-Dung beetle "Ezinhlobonhlobo Ezingenakulinganiswa" futhi seluleke abaqoki bamakhowe abahlonishwayo ukuthi bakhumbule ukugeza izandla zabo ngemva kokuthintana namakhowe, ikakhulukazi uma bevele befuna ukunwaya amehlo abo.

I-Radiant dung beetle (i-Coprinellus radians) isithombe nencazelo

Ibhungane lobulongwe (Coprinellus domesticus)

Ifana kakhulu, futhi kweminye imithombo ifana nebhungane Lobulongwe, elinomzimba othela izithelo othe ukukhudlwana nomhlophe, kunokuba libe phuzi, izinsalela zeveli elivamile esigqokweni.

I-Radiant dung beetle (i-Coprinellus radians) isithombe nencazelo

Ibhungane lobulongwe begolide (Coprinellus xanthothrix)

I-Coprinellus xanthothrix Ifana kakhulu, ikakhulukazi uma isencane, inamazenga ansundu abuffy esikepisini.

Uhlu lwezinhlobo ezifanayo luzogcinwa lunolwazi lwakamuva esihlokweni esithi Ibhungane Lobulongwe.

shiya impendulo