Inyama

Uhlu lwezinhlobo zenyama

Izindatshana Zenyama

Mayelana nenyama

Inyama

Inyama ukudla okuthandwa kakhulu emindenini eminingi, ikakhulukazi ezindaweni ezibandayo. Sizothola ukuthi yiziphi izinhlobo zenyama ezikhona, ukuthi ungawukhetha kanjani umkhiqizo omuhle kakhulu, ukuthi ungadla kangaki ukudla kwenyama

 

Inyama isigaba somkhiqizo esibanzi, isicubu semisipha sanoma yisiphi isilwane esingacutshungulwa futhi silungiswe ngezindlela eziningi ezahlukene. Ukucutshungulwa okufanele kubaluleke kakhulu, njengoba nenyama enempilo ingaphendulwa ibe ukudla okuyingozi empilweni.

Into ebaluleke kakhulu kunoma iyiphi inyama inani elikhulu lamaprotheni ezilwane. Iqukethe ama-amino acid, amanye awo abaluleke kakhulu emzimbeni wethu.

Ngokuya ngohlobo lwenyama, indlela yokulungiselela kanye neminyaka yobudala besilwane, izakhiwo zayo nazo ziyahlukahluka kakhulu. Izinhlobo eziyinhloko zenyama: okubomvu, okumhlophe nokwenziwe (kubhema, kumisiwe, njll.).

Inyama ebomvu iqukethe insimbi eningi, ngenxa yokuthi inalo mbala. Kubandakanya inyama yenkomo, inyamazane, ingulube, iwundlu, inyama yehhashi. Inyama emhlophe idla kakhulu futhi iyagaya, kepha ayinensimbi eningi kuyo. Lokhu ikakhulukazi inyama yenkukhu - inkukhu, ihansi, i-turkey.
Inyama ecutshungulwe kakhulu enokudla okuvela kuyo - amasoseji, amasoseji nezinye izibiliboco. Ukucubungula okunjalo kuveza ukunambitheka kwenyama ngangokunokwenzeka, kuyenza ikhanye futhi ibe "ngumlutha" kakhulu ngenxa yobuningi kasawoti, izinongo nezinye izithasiselo. Ngamanani amancane, umkhiqizo onjalo awuyikulimaza, kepha lapho ukhetha inyama esetshenzisiwe, kufanele uqaphele ngangokunokwenzeka. Kungenxa yokunambitheka lapho ingozi engaba khona ilele khona.

Izinzuzo zenyama

Ngaphezu kwamaprotheni abalulekile, noma iyiphi inyama icebile ngamavithamini B. Ziyadingeka ekusebenzeni ngokuvumelana kwazo zonke izinhlelo zomzimba. Babamba iqhaza ekwakheni amangqamuzana egazi, ezinkambisweni zomzimba, emsebenzini wobuchopho.

Kuningi i-zinc ne-selenium enyameni. Basekela amasosha omzimba futhi banomphumela we-antioxidant. U-Selena utholakala kakhulu enyameni yenkukhu.

I-Phosphorus ibalulekile kwizicubu zethambo, ibhekene nokuqina kwayo. Ngokushoda kwe-phosphorus, amathambo angashwabana, i-osteoporosis kanye nokugobeka komgogodla kuyakhula. Ukudla amaprotheni ezilwane njalo kukhonjisiwe ukunciphisa ubungozi bokuqhekeka kuze kufike kuma-70%. Ngokushoda kwenyama ekudleni, abesifazane abanesikhathi sokunqamuka kokuya esikhathini bavame ukubhekana nezinguquko eziwohlokayo ezicutshini zethambo.

Inyama, ikakhulukazi inyama ebomvu, yaziwa ngekhono layo lokulwa ne-anemia. Lokhu kungenzeka ngenxa yensimbi no-B amavithamini, adingekayo ukuhlanganiswa kwamangqamuzana abomvu egazi. Ukusetshenziswa kwenyama njalo kucisha ubungozi be-B12 anemia kanye ne-iron defence anemia.
Ukudla kwenyama kudingekile ikakhulukazi kubasubathi, izingane nabantu abalulama ekusebenzeni kanzima nasekulimaleni. Amaphrotheni afaka isandla ekwakhekeni kwama-amino acid awo kanye nokwakhiwa kwemisipha, okusiza ukuvikela ekushodeni kwezicubu zemisipha. I-muscle atrophy yenza umuntu abe buthakathaka, abe buthakathaka, futhi aholele kwezinye izifo ezimbi.

Ukulimala kwenyama

Kubalulekile ukuthi ucabangele izici zakho kanye nemikhawulo yezempilo. Ukuze wenze lokhu, udinga ukuxhumana nodokotela wakho. Njengoba kwezinye izifo (ngokwesibonelo, i-gout), inyama ayivunyelwe, ngisho nomkhiqizo osezingeni eliphakeme kakhulu ungaba yingozi.
Imvamisa, inyama ibangela ukungezwani komzimba, ikakhulukazi ingulube. Mhlawumbe ukungezwani komzimba kwakungekhona ngisho nokudla kwenyama, kepha kwakungokondla izithasiselo nama-antibiotic anikezwa izilwane epulazini. Ngalesi sizathu, kubalulekile ukuthi unikeze izingane inyama kancane kancane nangokucophelela okukhulu. Kungcono ukuqala ngezinhlobo zokudla - unogwaja, u-turkey.

Konke kuhle ngokulinganisela, nenyama ayihlukile. Kutholakele ukuthi ukusetshenziswa njalo kwenyama ebomvu, ikakhulukazi inyama ethosiwe, kuhlasela umdlavuza hhayi kuphela kwesisu, isisu namathumbu, kepha futhi ne-prostate gland, izinso ngisho nebele.

Ososayensi baseSwitzerland bafakazele ukuxhumana phakathi kwe-craze yenyama esetshenzisiwe (amasoseji, amasoseji) nezifo zenhliziyo nemithambo yegazi, kanye nohlobo 2 lwesifo sikashukela. Abanye ochwepheshe baze bacaphune izibalo - ingozi inyuka ngo-40%. Ukudla kwenyama okucutshunguliwe okuvame ukuba nemibala, ama-flavour enhancers, kanye ne-soy protein. Lokhu kunomthelela omubi empilweni ngokujwayelekile, ngakho-ke udinga ukutadisha ngokucophelela ukwakheka.

Futhi, ukudla okungalawulwa kokudla kwenyama ngokushesha kuholela ekukhuluphaleni nasekucasukeni kwamathumbu. Njengoba inyama ingumkhiqizo wekhalori ephezulu kakhulu.

Ungayikhetha kanjani inyama efanele

Kungcono ukuthenga inyama ebandayo kubakhiqizi abathembekile. Inyama enjalo izoletha inzuzo enkulu kwifomu elibilisiwe, eliphekiwe nelibhakiwe. Inketho embi kakhulu yokupheka izitsha zenyama ukuthosa emafutheni. Ngesikhathi sokupheka, kwakhiwa izinhlanganisela eziningi ezinobuthi. Ezinye zazo zingancishiswa - kusuka kulokhu ukuthi isiko lokudla ukosa ngengilazi yewayini lahamba, ngoba libulala ubuthi obuthile. Kepha amanye ama-carcinogens ahlala, ngakho-ke kungcono ungalingi ikusasa.
Akufanele udle inyama eluhlaza noma engaphekiwe, ngoba izibungu zama-parasite zihlala zikule fomu. Ngisho nokubanda kwasekuqaleni akubulali zonke izibungu.

Udinga ukuthi uqaphele ikakhulukazi lapho ukhetha ukudla kwenyama: amasoseji, amapayipi, i-ham, njll. Umkhiqizo omuhle ophelile uma usuqedile awuyongozi, kepha nawo uzobiza kakhulu. Ngakho-ke, ukuze bonge imali, abakhiqizi abaningi basebenzisa imfucumfucu yenyama, amaprotheni emifino, kanye nokunambitheka. Lokhu kukuvumela ukuthi unciphise izindleko zomkhiqizo futhi, ngosizo lwezithasiselo zokufakelwa, wenze ukunambitheka kukhange. Lapho ufunda ukwakheka, khetha lokho kudla kwenyama lapho, ngaphezu kwenyama nezinongo, kukhona ubuncane bezithako ezingaphandle.

shiya impendulo