Izinkukhu

Uhlu lwezinkukhu

Imibhalo Yezinkukhu

Mayelana nezinkukhu

Izinkukhu

Inyama yenkukhu ithathwa njengeyinempilo neyokudla (hhayi zonke izinhlobo hhayi zonke izingxenye zezinkukhu). Ngaphezu kwamaprotheni, iqukethe amafutha, i-collagen. Amavithamini A, B, C, D, E, PP, kanye ne-iron ne-zinc nawo akhona kulo mkhiqizo. Ngokuya ngendawo yokuhlala kwezinyoni, inyama enjalo ihlukaniswe ngezigaba ezi-2: ezifuywayo nezinyamazane. Lokhu okwedlule akuvamile ukuba khona ekudleni kwansuku zonke, njengoba kubhekiswa kwizibiliboco.

 

Njengamanje, inyama yenkukhu ivame kakhulu kubhasikidi wabathengi uma iqhathaniswa nenyama yenkomo, inyama yamahhashi neyewundlu, ngenxa yenani lentengo yalo nokunambitheka nezakhiwo eziwusizo. Kuyisiko ukubhekisa ekudleni kwezinkukhu njengokudla okuvela enyameni yenkukhu noma ikakhulukazi okuvela kuyo kanye nokudla kwenyama, iresiphi yayo ehlanganisa inyama yenkukhu, noma ngabe akuyona into eyinhloko. Ekhiqizweni kokudla okunjalo, inyama yezinkukhu, amadada, amahansi, ama-turkeys, izigwaca iyasetshenziswa, kanye nokunye ukudla okokudla okutholakala ngenkathi kucubungulwa izinkukhu nezilwane zasemapulazini futhi kwahlukaniswa ngokwakhiwa kwazo kwamakhemikhali.

Into ebaluleke kakhulu enyameni yenkukhu ngama-protein. Enkukhu yenkukhu nenyama ye-turkey, icishe ibe ngu-20%, ku-goose nedada - kancane kancane. Ngaphezu kwalokho, iqukethe i-polyunsaturated fatty acids ngezinga elikhulu kunezinye izinhlobo zenyama, ngenxa yokuthi ayigcini kahle emzimbeni, kodwa futhi isiza ukuvimbela i-ischemia, i-myocardial infarction, isifo sohlangothi, umfutho wegazi ophakeme, kanye nokugcina okujwayelekile isilinganiso semetabolism futhi sandise amasosha omzimba.

Inyama yenkukhu iqukethe amaprotheni amaningi kunanoma yiluphi olunye uhlobo lwenyama, kanti amafutha ayo aweqi ku-10%. Ukuqhathanisa: inyama yenkukhu iqukethe amaprotheni angama-22.5%, kanti inyama ye-turkey - 21.2%, amadada - 17%, amahansi - 15%. Kukhona ngisho namaprotheni amancane enyameni okuthiwa "ebomvu": inyama yenkomo -18.4%, ingulube -13.8%, iwundlu -14.5%. Kepha kufanele kugcizelelwe ukuthi amaprotheni enyama yenkukhu aqukethe ama-amino acid angama-92% adingekayo kubantu (kwiprotheni yengulube, iwundlu, inyama yenkomo - 88.73% no-72%, ngokulandelana).

Ngokuya ngokuqukethwe okuncane kwe-cholesterol, inyama yebele yenkukhu, okuthiwa "inyama emhlophe", ingeyesibili kuphela ukudoba. Inyama yezinyoni zezinyoni zasemanzini (amahansi - 28-30%, amadada - 24-27%), njengomthetho, kunamafutha amaningi, kanti ezinkukhwini ezincane kune-10-15% kuphela. Inyama yenkukhu iqukethe inani elikhulu likavithamini B2, B6, B9, B12, kusuka kumaminerali - i-phosphorus, isulfure, i-selenium, i-calcium, i-magnesium nethusi.

Inyama yenkukhu icishe ibe yendawo yonke: izosiza ezifweni zesisu ezine-asidi ephezulu futhi uma iphansi. Imicu yenyama ethambile, ethambile isebenza njengesiduli esiheha i-asidi eyeqile ku-gastritis, isifo sesisu esicasulayo, nesilonda se-duodenal.

Izakhiwo ezikhethekile zenyama yenkukhu azinakubuyiselwa endaweni ngesimo somhluzi oqukethe izinto zokukhipha - ngokuncipha kwemfihlo, benza ukuthi isisu "esivila" sisebenze. Inyama yenkukhu ingenye yezindlela ezilula ukugaya. Kulula ukugaya: inyama yenkukhu inezicubu ezixhuma kancane - i-collagen kune, ngokwesibonelo, inyama yenkomo. Yinyama yenkukhu eyingxenye ebalulekile yokudla okunomsoco kwezifo zomgudu wamathumbu, isifo sikashukela, ukukhuluphala, kanye nokuvimbela nokwelashwa kwezifo zenhliziyo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, inyama yenkukhu, yize inamaprotheni amaningi kakhulu, ingama-calories aphansi kunawo wonke.

Inyama yenkukhu iyabiliswa, iyisitshulu, iyathosiwa, iyabhaka, ama-cutlets nezinye izitsha eziningi ezihlwabusayo nezinempilo. Kodwa-ke, kufanele kukhunjulwe ukuthi cishe uhhafu wamavithamini ulahlekile ngenkathi welashwa ngokushisa, ngakho-ke zonke izinhlobo zamasaladi, imifino nemifino emisha ziyisengezo esihle kakhulu ezitsheni zezinkukhu. I-Sauerkraut enehansi noma idada nayo inhle.

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