Willow dung beetle (Coprinellus truncorum) isithombe nencazelo

Okuqukethwe

Willow dung beetle (Coprinellus truncorum)

Okuhlelekile:
  • Isigaba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Ukuhlukaniswa iziqephu: I-Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Ikilasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Isigaba esingaphansi: I-Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • I-oda: I-Agaricales (i-Agaric noma i-Lamellar)
  • Umndeni: Psathyrellaceae (Psatyrellaceae)
  • Uhlobo: Coprinellus
  • Uhlobo: I-Coprinellus truncorum (i-willow dung beetle)
  • Izingodo ze-agaric Isikophu.
  • Inqwaba yezingodo (Skop.)
  • I-Coprinus micaceus sensu eside
  • I-agaric enamanzi Huds.
  • I-Agaricus succinius I-Batsch
  • Iziqu ze-Coprinus var. i-eccentric
  • I-Coprinus baliocephalus I-Bogart
  • Isikhumba granulated I-Bogart

Willow dung beetle (Coprinellus truncorum) isithombe nencazelo

Igama lamanje: Coprinellus truncorum (Scop.) Redhead, Vilgalys & Moncalvo, Taxon 50 (1): 235 (2001)

Isimo saleli bhungane lobulongwe sasingelula.

Ucwaningo lwe-DNA olucashunwe ngu-Kuo (Michael Kuo) ngo-2001 no-2004 lwabonisa ukuthi i-Coprinellus micaceus kanye ne-Coprinellus truncorum (ibhungane lobulongwe be-willow) ingase ifane ngokofuzo. Ngakho-ke, ezwekazini laseNyakatho Melika, i-Coprinellus truncorum = i-Coprinellus micaceus, futhi incazelo yabo "iyodwa ngamabili". Lokhu kuyaxaka, ngoba i-Kuo efanayo inikeza amasayizi ahlukene ezinhlamvu zalezi zinhlobo ezimbili.

Noma ngabe ikuphi eMelika, i-Index Fungorum kanye ne-MycoBank azifani nalezi zinhlobo.

I-Coprinellus truncorum yachazwa okokuqala ngo-1772 ngu-Giovanni Antonio Scopoli njenge-Agaricus truncorum Bull. Ngo-1838 u-Elias Fries wayidlulisela ohlotsheni lwe-Coprinus kwathi ngo-2001 yadluliselwa ohlotsheni lwe-Coprinellus.

ikhanda: 1-5 cm, kuze kufike ku-7 cm uma ivuliwe. Izacile, ekuqaleni i-elliptical, i-ovoid, bese i-bell-shaped, kumakhowe amadala noma omisiwe - cishe aguqe. Ingaphezulu le-cap ine-radially fibrous, elinokungahambi kahle kanye nemibimbi. Isikhumba simhlophe-nsundu, siphuzi ngokunsundu, simnyama kancane phakathi nendawo, simbozwe ngengubo emhlophe, engacwebezeli, enohlamvu olucolekile. Ngokukhula, iba nqunu, njengoba i-plaque (isele ye-coverlet evamile) igezwa yimvula namazolo, ifafazwe. Inyama esesigqokweni incane, amapuleti avela kuyo, ukuze ngisho nezibonelo ezincane kakhulu zibe nesigqoko konke "kumibimbi" kanye nokugoqa, kugqame kakhulu kunezibazi zebhungane lobulongwe elicwebezelayo.

amapuleti: mahhala, njalo, ngamapuleti, inombolo yamapuleti agcwele 55-60, ububanzi 3-8 mm. Okumhlophe, okumhlophe kuma-specimens amancane, okumpunga-nsundu ngokukhula, bese kuba mnyama futhi kuncibilike ngokushesha.

Leg: ukuphakama 4-10, ngisho kufika ku-12 cm, ukujiya 2-7 mm. I-cylindrical, engenalutho ngaphakathi, egqinsiwe esisekelweni, ingase ibe nokujiya kwe-annular okungaqondakali. Ingaphezulu linosilika uma uthintwa, libushelelezi noma limbozwe ngemicu emincane kakhulu, elimhlophe kumakhowe amancane.

I-Ozonium: engekho. Iyini "i-Ozonium" nokuthi ibukeka kanjani - esihlokweni esithi Homemade dung beetle.

Umtfumbu: mhlophe, mhlophe, brittle, fibrous esiqwini.

I-spore powder imprint: omnyama.

Impikiswano 6,7-9,3 x 4,7-6,4 (7) x 4,2-5,6 µm, i-ellipsoid noma i-ovate, enesisekelo esiyindilinga ne-apex, ensundu ngokubomvu. Imbotshana emaphakathi yeseli yegciwane ingu-1.0–1.3 µm ububanzi.

I-willow dung beetle ngokusobala iyikhowe elidliwayo elinemibandela, njengewele lalo, i-Shimmering dung beetle.

Izigqoko ezincane kuphela okufanele ziqoqwe, ukubilisa kokuqala kunconywa, okungenani imizuzu emi-5.

Ikhula kusukela ngasekupheleni kwentwasahlobo kuya ekwindla, emahlathini, emapaki, ezigcawini, emadlelweni nasemathuneni, ezihlahleni ezibolayo, eziqwini naseziseduze nazo, ikakhulukazi kumapulangwe nemizaneni, kodwa ayizideleli ezinye izihlahla ezivuthulukayo. Ingakhula emhlabathini ocebile wezinto eziphilayo.

Ukubuka okungajwayelekile. Noma, cishe, iningi labacosheli bamakhowe abayimfundamakhwela benza iphutha lokuthi i-Glimmer Dung.

Itholakala kakhulu eYurophu naseNyakatho Melika. Ngaphandle kwalawa mazwekazi, kuphela amaphethelo aseningizimu ye-Argentina naseningizimu-ntshonalanga ye-Australia arekhodiwe.

Ezincwadini zesayensi zasePoland, kuchazwa okuningi okutholakele okuqinisekisiwe.

Willow dung beetle (Coprinellus truncorum) isithombe nencazelo

Ibhungane lobulongwe elicwebezelayo (Coprinellus micaceus)

Ngokusho kwabanye ababhali, i-Coprinellus truncorum ne-Coprinellus micaceus zifana kangangokuthi azizona izinhlobo ezihlukene, kodwa amagama afanayo. Ngokwezincazelo, zihluka kuphela emininingwaneni emincane yesakhiwo se-cystids. Imiphumela yokuqala yokuhlolwa kofuzo ayizange ikhombise umehluko wofuzo phakathi kwalezi zinhlobo. Uphawu olukhulu olungathembeki: kuyibhungane lobulongwe obucwazimulayo, izinhlayiya ezisesigqokweni zibukeka njengezingcezwana ezicwebezelayo zeparele noma amaparele, kuyilapho ezinyosini zomzane zimane zimhlophe, ngaphandle kokukhanya. Futhi ibhungane lobulongwe linesigqoko “esigoqeke” kakhudlwana kunesicwebezelayo.

Ukuze uthole uhlu oluphelele lwezinhlobo ezifanayo, bheka isihloko esithi Flickering dung beetle.

shiya impendulo