I-Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) isithombe nencazelo

Okuqukethwe

I-Postia ptychogaster (i-Postia ptychogaster)

Okuhlelekile:
  • Isigaba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Ukuhlukaniswa iziqephu: I-Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Ikilasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • I-Subclass: I-Incertae sedis (yesikhundla esingaqinisekile)
  • I-oda: I-Polyporales (i-Polypore)
  • Umndeni: Fomitopsidaceae (Fomitopsis)
  • Uhlobo: Postia (Postiya)
  • Uhlobo: I-Postia ptychogaster (i-Postia ptychogaster)

omqondofana:

  • I-Postia-puffy-bellied
  • U-Postia ugoqiwe
  • I-Oligoporous egoqiwe
  • Oligoporus puhlobruhii

I-Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) isithombe nencazelo

Igama lamanje: Postia ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Vesterh., e-Knudsen & Hansen, Nordic Jl Bot. 16(2): 213 (1996)

I-Postia-isisu esigoqiwe yakha izinhlobo ezimbili zemizimba yezithelo: umzimba wezithelo othuthukile wangempela kanye nalokho okubizwa ngokuthi "i-condial", isiteji esingaphelele. Imizimba ethelayo yazo zombili izinhlobo ingakhula izinhlangothi zombili futhi ngesikhathi esisodwa, futhi ngokuzimela komunye nomunye.

umzimba wangempela othela izithelo lapho isencane, isemaceleni, ithambile, imhlophe. Ikhula iyodwa noma ngamaqembu amancane, imizimba eseduze ingahlangana ibe yizimo ezingavamile. Isifanekiso esisodwa singafinyelela ububanzi obufika ku-10 cm, ukuphakama (ubukhulu) obungaba ngu-2 cm, ukwakheka kwawo kunjengomcamelo noma i-semicircular. Ingaphezulu liphuzi, linoboya, limhlophe emizimbeni emincane enezithelo, liphenduka libe nsundu kwemidala.

I-Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) isithombe nencazelo

Imizimba yezithelo esigabeni se-condial encane, engangenca yomunwe ilingane neqanda lezigwaca, njengamabhola amancane athambile. Okokuqala mhlophe, bese kuba phuzi ngokunsundu. Lapho sezivuthiwe, ziba nsundu, zibe brittle, zibe yimpuphu futhi zihlakazeke, zikhiphe ama-chlamydospores avuthiwe.

I-Hymenophore: I-Tubular, eyakhiwe engxenyeni engezansi yomzimba we-fruiting, kuyaqabukela, sekwephuzile futhi isheshe ibole, okwenza ukuhlonza kube nzima. Ama-tubules ama-brittle futhi amafushane, ama-2-5 mm, awancane, ekuqaleni amancane, cishe ama-2-4 nge-mm, umumo ojwayelekile "we-honeycomb", kamuva, ngokukhula, kufika ku-1 mm ububanzi, ngokuvamile anezindonga eziphukile. I-hymenophore itholakala, njengomthetho, ngaphansi komzimba we-fruiting, ngezinye izikhathi emaceleni. Umbala we-hymenophore umhlophe, ukhilimu, nobudala - ukhilimu.

I-Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) isithombe nencazelo

(Isithombe: Wikipedia)

Umtfumbu: ithambile emizimbeni emincane ethela izithelo, iminyene kakhulu futhi iqinile esisekelweni. Iqukethe imicu ehlelwe ngokukhazimulayo ehlukaniswe ngama-voids agcwele ama-chlamydospores. Esigabeni, isakhiwo se-concentric zonal singabonakala. Emakhowe amadala, inyama ibuthakathaka, i-crusty.

I-Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) isithombe nencazelo

I-Chlamydospores (eyakheka esigabeni esingaphelele) i-oval-elliptical, izindonga eziwugqinsi, 4,7 × 3,4–4,5 µm.

I-Basidiospores (evela emizimbeni ye-fruiting yangempela) i-elliptical, enekhala eligobile ekugcineni, elibushelelezi, alinambala, ngokuvamile elinethonsi. Usayizi 4–5,5 × 2,5–3,5 µm.

Ayidleki.

I-Postia folded-bellied - izinhlobo zasekwindla zamuva.

Imila ku-deadwood, kanye ne-parasite yezimpande okhunini olufayo nolubuthakathaka lwezihlahla eziphilayo emahlathini ama-coniferous naxubile, ikakhulukazi kuma-conifers, ikakhulukazi kuphayini kanye nesihlahla sonwele saseYurophu, esiphawulwe naku-larch. Kwenzeka nasezihlahleni ezivuthulukayo, kodwa akuvamile.

Ibangela ukubola kwezinkuni okunsundu.

Ngaphezu kwamahlathi emvelo nokutshala, ingakhula ngaphandle kwehlathi ngokhuni oluphekiwe: ezindlini ezingaphansi, ama-attics, ezicingweni nasezigxotsheni.

Imizimba yezithelo iwunyaka, ngaphansi kwezimo ezivumayo endaweni eyithandayo, ikhula minyaka yonke.

I-Postia ptychogaster ibhekwa njengengavamile. Ifakwe ohlwini lwe-Red Books yamazwe amaningi. E-Poland, inesimo sika-R - okungenzeka sibe sengozini ngenxa yebanga elilinganiselwe. Futhi eFinland, ngokuphambene nalokho, lolu hlobo aluvamile, luze lube negama elidumile elithi "Powdered Curling Ball".

Itholakala kulo lonke elaseYurophu nasezweni Lethu, eCanada naseNyakatho Melika.

I-Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) isithombe nencazelo

I-Postia astringent (i-Postia stiptica)

Le postia ayinayo i-pubescent surface yemizimba ethela izithelo, ngaphezu kwalokho, inokunambitheka okubabayo okucacile (uma unesibindi sokuzama)

Imizimba ye-pubescent ye-pubescent emise ngendlela efanayo iyenzeka kwezinye izinhlobo zezinhlobo ze-Postia ne-Tyromyces, kodwa ayivamile futhi ivamise ukuba mincane ngosayizi.

  • Isixhumanisi se-Arongylium fuliginoides (Pers.), Mag. I-Gesell. Abangane bemvelo, Berlin 3(1-2): 24 (1809)
  • Ceriomyces albus (Corda) Sacc., Syll. ukhunta (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Ceriomyces albus var. Richonii Sacc., Syll. ukhunta (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Ceriomyces richonii Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 6:388 (1888)
  • I-Leptoporus ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Pilát, e-Kavina & Pilát, i-Atlas Champ. I-l'Europe, III, Polyporaceae (Prague) 1: 206 (1938)
  • I-Oligoporus ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Falck & O. Falck, e-Ludwig, ucwaningo lokubola okomile. 12:41 (1937)
  • Oligoporus ustilaginoides Bref., Unters. Imali ephelele Mycol. (Liepzig) 8:134 (1889)
  • I-Polyporus ptychogaster F. Ludw., Z. iqoqiwe. imvelo 3: 424 (1880)
  • I-Polyporus ustilaginoides (Bref.) Sacc. & Traverso, Syll. fung. (Abellini) 20:497 (1911)
  • Ptychogaster albus Corda, Icon. fung. (Prague) 2:24 90 (1838)
  • I-Ptychogaster flavescens Falck & O. Falck, Hausschwamm-forsch. 12 (1937)
  • I-Ptychogaster fuliginoides (Pers.) Donk, Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Emanzi., Ser. C, Biol. Med. Isayensi. 75(3): 170 (1972)
  • I-Strongylium fuliginoides (Pers.) Ditmar, Neues J. Bot. 3(3, 4): 55 (1809)
  • I-Trichoderma fuliginoides Pers., Syn. imithi. fung. (Göttingen) 1: 231 (1801)
  • Tyromyces ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Donk, Med. Ithambo. Undlunkulu. Umuthi. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 9:153 (1933)

Isithombe: Mushik.

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