I-Psychology

Okuqukethwe

Ingabe abazali bangakhuthaza ingane yabo ukuba yenze okuthile? Noma ingabe yena ngokwakhe uzozama kuze kube yiminyaka engu-15-17, aze athole lokho akudingayo? Uthembele enhlanhleni wedwa? Ingabe zonke izingcindezi nezeluleko ezivela kubantu abadala kufanele zigwenywe? Cishe bonke abazali bazibuza le mibuzo.

Yini engenziwa ukuze ingane encane ihileleke kokuthile?

Yiqiniso, noma iyiphi ingane izoba usizo futhi ibe nesithakazelo emakilasini ngaphansi kokuqondisa kochwepheshe enkampanini yontanga - embuthanweni, ku-studio yobuciko, njll. Futhi uma kungenalo ithuba elinjalo: ukuthwala kude, azikho. ochwepheshe? ..

Zama ukusungula inqubo yokudala ekhaya: ngaphandle kokubamba isinyathelo somntwana, mtshele ukuthi enzeni nokuthi yini okufanele ayisebenzise kulokhu.

1. Dala izimo zengane yakho ekhaya ukuze uthole imidlalo nokudala. Hlomisa izindawo ezimbalwa azozisebenzisa ngokubona kwakhe:

  • ikona lokuphumula okuzolile nokufunda, ukuphumula - ngokhaphethi, imicamelo, isibani esithokomele;
  • indawo ephansi yamakilasi anamathoyizi amakhulu - umklami, ujantshi wesitimela, i-puppet yaseshashalazini;
  • itafula elikhulu ngokwanele lokudweba, imidlalo yebhodi - yedwa noma nabangani;
  • indawo lapho ingane ingazihlomisa khona indawo yokukhosela eyimfihlo ngosizo lwezingubo zokulala nezinye izindlela ezithuthukisiwe - njengetende, iqhugwane noma indlu;
  • ibhokisi lamathoyizi nezinto eziwusizo emdlalweni, ngezikhathi ezithile ungadlulisela amanye amathoyizi akhohliwe kusuka kukhabhinethi evamile noma i-rack kulesi sifuba, engeza ezinye izinto lapho ezingavusa umcabango wengane.

2. Bazi kahle izinhlobo ezijwayelekile zobuhlakani bezingane nengane yakho (ukudweba, ukumodela, ukuklama, i-appliqué, ukudlala umculo, isiteji, njll.) futhi ubonise ukuthi ungayihlukanisa kanjani le misebenzi:

  • Noma yini ingasetshenziswa njengezinsiza ezibukwayo. Ukudweba - isihlabathi esivamile nemikhiqizo eminingi - okusanhlamvu, ukusetshenziswa - izintambo, amaqabunga, amagobolondo namatshe amatshe, ukudweba - amazambane abunjiwe, i-papier-mâché kanye negwebu lokushefa, esikhundleni sebhulashi - iminwe yakho noma izintende, iphinikhodi, njll.
  • ukuklama nokwakhiwa, nikela ngezinto ezihlukahlukene ezivela kumklami owenziwe ngomumo kuya ezindleleni ezithuthukisiwe - isibonelo, amabhokisi amakhadibhodi amasayizi ahlukene.
  • zama ukusekela ucwaningo kanye nezithakazelo zokuhlola zomntwana - ekuhambeni, ohambweni, ekhaya.
  • siza ingane ikwazi kahle okungenzeka ngomzimba wayo — nikeza imidlalo ukuze ithuthukise ukuhambisana kokunyakaza, izethulo zendawo, imidlalo yangaphandle.

3. Khetha izipho ezingaba yisisekelo somsebenzi wokuzilibazisa wesikhathi esizayo:

  • umcabango ovuselelayo, amafantasy,
  • izipho ezikusiza ukuthi ufunde amakhono amasha - amathuluzi ahlukahlukene, izinsiza zezandla, mhlawumbe amadivaysi - njengekhamera noma isibonakhulu,
  • izincwadi eziyisithenjwa ezithokozisayo, ama-encyclopedia (okungenzeka kube nge-elekthronikhi), okurekhodiwe komculo, amafilimu evidiyo, ama-albhamu akhiqizwa kabusha, okubhaliselwe kwasetiyetha.

4. Tshela indodana noma indodakazi yakho ngezinto ozilibazisa ngazo ebuntwaneni. Mhlawumbe usagcina ama-albhamu neqoqo lezingane zakho lezitembu noma amabheji — wabheke nengane yakho, funa ulwazi mayelana nokuthi yini abantu abangayiqoqi, siza ukukhetha nokuqala iqoqo elisha.

5. Yiqiniso, ungakhohlwa ukuya ohambweni kanye neminyuziyamu ehlukahlukene ngezikhathi ezithile. Thola ithuba lokwethula indodana noma indodakazi yakho kochwepheshe - ngokuqinisekile, phakathi kwabantu obaziyo kuzoba nomdwebi, umdwebi, umdwebi wezakhiwo, udokotela noma usosayensi wocwaningo. Ungavakashela isitudiyo somculi, ukuhlinzwa esibhedlela noma umsebenzi wokubuyisela emnyuziyamu.

Futhi uma ingane ithanda kakhulu umsebenzi othile kangangokuthi ikhohlwa ukutadisha?

Kungenzeka ukuthi uthando olunjalo oluqinile luyoba yisisekelo sokukhetha umsebenzi wesikhathi esizayo. Ngakho-ke, ungazama ukukholisa ingane noma osemusha ukuthi ukwazi kahle ulwazi lwesikole kuzomsiza abe uchwepheshe wangempela. Umklami wefashini wesikhathi esizayo udinga ukudala amaphethini - kulokhu kungaba kuhle ukwazi izinto eziyisisekelo zejometri namakhono okudweba, ukwazi umlando kanye ne-ethnography, umgijimi udinga ulwazi lwe-anatomy ne-physiology, njll.

Ingabe kufanelekile ukugcizelela amakilasi embuthanweni noma esigabeni uma ingane ingenasithakazelo kuwo?

Okokuqala, lokhu kuyinkinga yokuzikhethela - ingane ngokwayo ikwenzile, noma wamsiza ukuba aziqondise, noma umane wabeka imibono yakho mayelana nokuthi yini engaba usizo kuye ekuphileni.

Isibonelo, ngokuvamile omunye wabazali uphupha ngokukhulisa umculi okhokhelwayo endodaneni noma endodakazini yabo, ngoba akuzange kusebenze ebuntwaneni - kwakungekho izimo noma abazali babo abazange baphikelele.

Yiqiniso, sonke siyazazi izibonelo lapho lokhu kubekezela kungazange kuthele izithelo, kodwa kwanikeza imiphumela ephambene ngokuqondile: ingane yakhetha indlela ehluke ngokuphelele, noma yaba umculi ongenzi lutho, ongaqambi.

Kufanele kukhunjulwe: akuzona izingane eziningi ezinezithakazelo ezizinzile kakade ezakhiwe eminyakeni engu-10-12. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kukhona njalo isikhathi sokusesha. Nikeza ingane yakho izinhlobo eziningi zokukhetha. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kuyadingeka ukulondoloza isithakazelo sakhe emsebenzini okhethiwe.

Okuningi kuyoxhomeka ekusekeleni kwakho, kuhlanganise nokusekela ngezinto ezibonakalayo. Ingabe unesithakazelo kulokho ingane ekwenzayo embuthanweni noma esigabeni, yiziphi izimpumelelo anazo, ukuthi ubuhlobo nabafana bukhula kanjani lapho, ukuthi ungamsiza kanjani. Uyazama ukukunikeza konke okudingayo kumakilasi - kungaba iyunifomu yezemidlalo, irakhethi «njengabo bonke abanye» noma i-easel nopende obizayo.

Ingabe ingane kufanele ivunyelwe ukushintsha imisebenzi efana namagilavu?

Thola kuqala ukuthi yini evimbela ingane noma osemusha ukuthi agcine isithakazelo sakhe entweni eyodwa. Akudingekile ukuthi lokhu kuwubuvila bemvelo noma i-frivolity. Izizathu zingahluka kakhulu.

Mhlawumbe ubuhlobo nenhloko yombuthano noma umqeqeshi, nomunye wabafana abuzange busebenze. Noma ingane ilahlekelwa isithakazelo ngokushesha uma ingaboni imiphumela esheshayo. Angathola kabuhlungu impumelelo yabanye kanye nokwehluleka kwakhe. Kungenzeka ukuthi yena noma abazali bakhe balinganisela ngokweqile ikhono lakhe kulo msebenzi othile. Kunoma iyiphi yalezi zimo, isimo singashintshwa.

Ukucindezela nokuhlambalaza okuwubala ngeke kwenze ingane ibe yinto engathi sína futhi ibe nenjongo. Ekugcineni, into eyinhloko ukuthi izinto zokuzilibazisa zenza impilo yakhe yamanje neyesikhathi esizayo ibe mnandi futhi icebile. NjengoMdwebi Wabantu WaseRussia, uProfesa Zinovy ​​​​Korogodsky wathi, "izithakazelo zokudala zengane azikwazi ukuphathwa ngendlela efanele, kubalwa ukuthi yiziphi "izabelo" ezizolethwa ukuzilibazisa kwakhe esikhathini esizayo esiseduze. Kuzoletha ingcebo engokomoya, okudingekayo kudokotela, nomshayeli wendiza, nosomabhizinisi, nentokazi yokuhlanza.

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