Ibhungane lobulongwe begolide (Coprinellus xanthothrix) isithombe nencazelo

Okuqukethwe

Ibhungane lobulongwe begolide (Coprinellus xanthothrix)

Okuhlelekile:
  • Isigaba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Ukuhlukaniswa iziqephu: I-Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Ikilasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Isigaba esingaphansi: I-Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • I-oda: I-Agaricales (i-Agaric noma i-Lamellar)
  • Umndeni: Psathyrellaceae (Psatyrellaceae)
  • Uhlobo: Coprinellus
  • Uhlobo: I-Coprinellus xanthothrix (ibhungane lobulongwe begolide)
  • I-Coprinus xanthothrix I-Romagn
  • I-Coprinellus xanthotrix (isipelingi)

Ibhungane lobulongwe begolide (Coprinellus xanthothrix) isithombe nencazelo

Igama lamanje: Coprinellus xanthothrix (Romagn.) Vilgalys, Hopple & Jacq. Johnson, Taxon 50 (1): 235 (2001)

Lolu hlobo lwachazwa okokuqala ngo-1941 nguHenri Charles Louis Romagnesi ngaphansi kwegama elithi Coprinus xanthothrix. Njengomphumela wezifundo ze-phylogenetic ezenziwa ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-2001 nele-XNUMXst, izazi ze-mycologists zasungula uhlobo lwe-polyphyletic yohlobo lwe-Coprinus futhi lwahlukanisa ngezinhlobo eziningana. Igama lamanje, elaqashelwa yi-Index Fungorum, lanikezwa ngo-XNUMX.

ikhanda: Emizimbeni yezithelo ezincane kufika ku-40 x 35 mm, i-ovoid, i-elliptical noma cishe eyindilinga. Ngenqubo yokuvuthwa, i-cap ivula futhi ithole ukwakheka kwe-conical futhi, ekugcineni, i-convex enobubanzi obufika ku-70 mm. Ingaphezulu lekepisi linombala onsundu ngokukhanyayo noma ligqwalile phakathi nendawo, likhanya futhi liyacwebezela ngasemaphethelweni. Imbozwe ngezinsalela ezincane ze-fluffy bedspread evamile, phakathi nendawo - brownish, brown, futhi eduze nemiphetho - ukhilimu noma i-ocher.

Kukhethiwe: mahhala, 3-8 (kufika ku-10) mm ububanzi, inani eliphelele (elifinyelela esiqwini) amapuleti lisuka ku-55 kuya ku-60, elinamapuleti (l = 3-5). Ekuqaleni ziba mhlophe, zibe mhlophe qhwa, bese ziba mnyama ngezinhlamvu bese ziba nsundu ngokumpunga, ekugcineni zibe mnyama.

Leg: 4-10 cm ukuphakama, 0,4-1 cm ububanzi, cylindrical enesisekelo esijiyile esimise okweklabhu, i-fibrous, ingenalutho. Ingaphezulu lesiqu limhlophe, phansi kanye namachashaza agqwalile.

I-Ozonium: nakhu. Iyini "i-Ozonium" nokuthi ibukeka kanjani - esihlokweni esithi Homemade dung beetle.

Umtfumbu: izacile, intekenteke, imhlophe, ayinambitheki nephunga.

I-spore powder imprint: onsundu ngokumnyama, omnyama.

Izici ze-Microscopic

Impikiswano 6,7–9,9 x 4,4–6,3 x 4,9–5,1 µm, i-ovate noma i-ellipsoidal, ibonakala eceleni, ezinye zazo ezimise okukabhontshisi. Zinsundu ngokubomvu futhi zinesisekelo esiyindilinga kanye nethiphu.

Ama-eccentric pores amaseli egciwane angu-1,3 µm ububanzi.

Bazidi 14–34 x 7–9 µm, 4 ezinhlamvu, ezizungezwe 3–6 pseudoparaphyses. I-Pleurocystidia 50-125 x 30-65 µm, cishe iyindilinga, eyi-ellipsoidal noma cishe iyisilinda.

I-Saprotroph. Ikhula iyodwa noma ngamaqembu amancane emagatsheni afile, awile ezihlahla ezivuthulukayo, kancane kancane eziqwini.

E-Europe, i-Coprinellus xanthothrix isatshalaliswa kabanzi futhi cishe ivamile, kodwa ngenxa yobunzima bokuhlonza, kungase kwenziwe iphutha ngabaqoki bamakhowe abayimfundamakhwela kwezinye izinhlobo ezaziwa kakhulu zezibhungane zobulongwe.

Ithela izithelo kusukela entwasahlobo, ngisho kusukela ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo kuze kube yilapho kubanda.

Ayikho idatha ethembekile, nakuba, cishe, amakhowe adliwa esemncane, njengazo zonke izibungu zobulongwe ezifanayo.

Kodwa-ke, esemncane, kuze kube yilapho i-cap iqala ukuvuleka, i-golden dung beetle ifana kakhulu ne-beetle yobulongwe obukhazimulayo - i-Coprinellus radians, ngokusho kwesihloko esithi "I-Fungal Keratitis Engavamile Ebangelwa I-Coprinellus Radians" ingabangela i-fungal keratitis.

Sizobeka ngokucophelela ibhungane lobulongwe begolide “Enhlotsheni Engenakulinganiswa” futhi seluleke abacosha amakhowe abahlonishwayo ukuba bakhumbule ukugeza izandla zabo ngemva kokuthintana namakhowe, ikakhulukazi uma ngokuzumayo befuna ukunwaya amehlo abo.

Ibhungane lobulongwe begolide (Coprinellus xanthothrix) isithombe nencazelo

Ibhungane lobulongwe (Coprinellus domesticus)

Ihluka ngemizimba emikhulu ethela izithelo kanye nezikali ezimhlophe ze-lamellar ebusweni bekepisi. Lezi zinkubabulongwe zingahlukaniswa ngokuthembekile kuphela ngokuhlolwa kwe-microscopic.

Ukuze uthole uhlu lwamabhungane amancane ane-ozonium, bheka isihloko esithi Ibhungane Lobulongwe.

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