I-cobweb ebuthuntu (Cortinarius saturninus) isithombe nencazelo

Okuqukethwe

Ubulembu obufiphele (Cortinarius saturninus)

Okuhlelekile:
  • Isigaba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Ukuhlukaniswa iziqephu: I-Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Ikilasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Isigaba esingaphansi: I-Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • I-oda: I-Agaricales (i-Agaric noma i-Lamellar)
  • Umndeni: Cortinariaceae (Spiderwebs)
  • Uhlobo: Cortinarius (Spiderweb)
  • Uhlobo: I-Cortinarius saturninus (I-Dull Webed)
  • Intambo yeSaturn
  • I-Saturnine agaricus Ama-Fries (1821)
  • UCortinarius uhlala ndawonye P. Karst. (1879)
  • I-Gomphos saturninus (Fries) Kuntze (1891)
  • I-Hydrocybe saturnina (Fries) A. Blytt (1905) [1904]
  • I-Cortinarius subsaturinus Rob. UHenry (1938)
  • Ikhethini le-Willow Rob. UHenry (1977)
  • Cortinarius cohabiting var. emadolobheni (2004) [2003]

I-cobweb ebuthuntu (Cortinarius saturninus) isithombe nencazelo

Isihloko samanje - Ikhethini leSaturn (Fries) Fries (1838) [1836-38], Epicrisis systematis mycologici, p. 306

Ngokwesigaba se-intrageneric, uhlobo oluchaziwe lwe-Cortinarius saturninus lufakiwe ku:

  • Izinhlobo ezingaphansi I-Telamonia
  • Ingxenye: Saturnini

Umnotho

I-Cortinarius saturninus iwuhlobo oluguquguquka kakhulu futhi cishe luwuhlobo oluyinkimbinkimbi; lokhu kuchaza inani elikhulu lamagama awomqondo ofanayo.

ikhanda i-mushroom 3-8 cm ububanzi, i-conical, i-bell-shaped noma i-hemispherical, yabe isicaba ngomphetho othize futhi i-wavy, ngezinye izikhathi ibe ne-tubercle ebanzi, i-hygrophanous, i-fibrous ekuqaleni, kamuva ibushelelezi; isiliva-shiny, yellow-brown, red-brown to chestnut-brown, ngezinye izikhathi nge-violet tint; enezimpawu zemicu esiliva-emhlophe evela ezinsalela zombhede onqenqemeni, ezihlala lapho isikhathi eside futhi zakha uhlobo "lwe-rim".

Esimeni sezulu esimanzi, isigqoko siyanamathela, sinsundu ngokumnyama; uma omisiwe, i-ocher ephaphathekile, ephuzi-owolintshi, i-ocher-brown, ngezinye izikhathi yenza imithende ye-radial ngesimo semisebe.

I-cobweb ebuthuntu (Cortinarius saturninus) isithombe nencazelo

Indawo yokulala yangasese – ezimhlophe, ezinolwebu, zinyamalala ngokushesha.

amarekhodi ukunamathela esiqwini, okubanzi, okuphuzi okuphaphathekile, okuphuzi noma okubomvu okunsundu kuya kunsundu ngokumpunga, ngezinye izikhathi kube nombala onsomi ekuqaleni, ngokushesha kube nsundu ngokumnyama, abushelelezi, anomphetho omhlophe futhi ngezikhathi ezithile.

I-cobweb ebuthuntu (Cortinarius saturninus) isithombe nencazelo

Leg 4–8 (10) ukuphakama, 0,5–1,2 (2) cm ububanzi, okuqinile, okuqinile, isilinda esinesisekelo esijiyile kancane noma ngezinye izikhathi “no-anyanisi” omncane; i-longitudinally fibrous enebhande elishabalala ngokushesha noma indawo ye-annular, esisekelweni esine-coating ezwakalayo; okumhlophe, kamuva ocher, grayish-brown, grey-violet, ngokuvamile onsomi engxenyeni engenhla.

I-cobweb ebuthuntu (Cortinarius saturninus) isithombe nencazelo

Umtfumbu i-creamy, enombala ompunga, onsundu noma onsomi (ikakhulukazi phezulu kwesiqu) imithunzi.

Iphunga futhi unambitha

Iphunga lesikhunta alivezwa noma lingavamile; ukunambitheka kuvame ukuba mnene, kumnandi.

Impikiswano 7–9 x 4–5 µm, i-elliptical, i-warty emaphakathi; Ubukhulu bezinhlamvu buguquguquka kakhulu, okwenza kube nzima ukunquma ngokunembile.

I-cobweb ebuthuntu (Cortinarius saturninus) isithombe nencazelo

I-cobweb ebuthuntu (Cortinarius saturninus) isithombe nencazelo

i-spore powder: nsundu ogqwalile.

Ukusabela kwamakhemikhali

I-KOH ku-cuticle (isikhumba se-cap) - esinsundu ukuya kumnyama; ku-pulp yomzimba othela izithelo - amanzi ansundu ngokukhanyayo noma ansundu.

I-Exicat

I-Exicatum (ikhophi eyomisiwe): isigqoko singcolile sibe nsundu sibe mnyama, umlenze umpunga.

Ubuthuntu be-cobweb butholakala emahlathini avuthulukayo ngaphansi kweminyezane, ubhabhulini, ama-aspen, ama-birch, ama-hazel nezinye izihlahla ezivuthulukayo, futhi mhlawumbe nesihlahla sonwele saseYurophu. ngokuvamile ngamaqembu, ngokuvamile ezindaweni zasemadolobheni - emapaki, ezindaweni eziwugwadule, emigwaqweni.

Kusukela ngoJulayi kuya ku-Okthoba.

Ayidleki; ngokweminye imibiko, ingase ibe nobuthi.

Izinhlobo eziningana ezifanayo zingahlukaniswa.

I-cobweb ebuthuntu (Cortinarius saturninus) isithombe nencazelo

Intambo yasemadolobheni (Cortinarius urbicus)

Ingakhula futhi, njengoba negama lisho, ngaphakathi kwedolobha; ihluke ngesigqoko esinombala ompunga kanye ne-pulp eminyene, kanye nephunga elikabili.

I-cobweb enezimo ezimbili (Cortinarius biformis) – amancane, anenani elincane lemicu emzimbeni othela izithelo, anekepisi elicijile futhi elinezimbambo kancane emaphethelweni, ngezinye izikhathi abomvu ngezitini, amapuleti angavamile ebusheni; inesiqu esizacile futhi eside esinamabhendi aphuzi-ocher kanye nendawo ensomi emincane ewumngcingo phezulu, ikhula emahlathini e-coniferous (ngaphansi kwe-spruce kanye nephayini), ayihlanganisi.

Intambo ye-Chestnut (Cortinarius castaneus) - kuncane kancane, okuhlukaniswa nombala we-chestnut omnyama we-cap ene-cortina eshabalala ngokushesha kanye nama-lilac-reddish hues amapuleti amancane kanye nengxenye engenhla yesiqu; ikhula emahlathini anoma yiluphi uhlobo.

Intambo yehlathi (Cortinarius lucorum) - emikhulu, ihluka ngamathoni a-violet agcwele kakhulu ngombala, umbhede omningi omhloshana, oshiya umphetho ozwakalayo onqenqemeni lwekepisi kanye negobolondo phansi komlenze; amapuleti akhula kancane, aphuzi ngokunsundu phansi emlenzeni kanye nemibala ensomi ejulile ye-pulp phezulu; ikhula, njengomthetho, ngaphansi kwe-aspens.

U-Cortinarius uyakhohlisa var. umbala ohlaza ozothile - kumnyama kakhulu, nge-tubercle encane noma ngaphandle kwayo; etholakala emahlathini omile avuthulukayo, ikakhulukazi ngaphansi kwamabhishi, ngezinye izikhathi ngaphansi kwezinye izihlahla ezivuthulukayo; ngokweminye imithombo, inephunga lokhuni lomsedari.

U-Cortinarius wahwaqabala – zincane kakhulu lezi zinhlobo ze-alpine zikhula zodwa ezindaweni eziphakeme ngaphansi kweminyezane.

UCortinarius uhlala ndawonye - ngaphandle kufana kakhulu, kutholakala ngaphansi kweminyezane kuphela; ababhali abaningi bakubheka njengento efanayo ye-cobweb efiphele (Cortinarius saturninus).

Isithombe: Andrey.

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