Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) isithombe nencazelo

Okuqukethwe

I-Dacrymyces chrysospermus (i-Dacrymyces chrysospermus)

Okuhlelekile:
  • Isigaba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Ukuhlukaniswa iziqephu: I-Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Ikilasi: Dacrymycetes (Dacrymycetes)
  • I-Subclass: I-Incertae sedis (yesikhundla esingaqinisekile)
  • I-oda: Dacrymycetales (Dacrymycetes)
  • Umndeni: Dacrymycetaceae
  • Uhlobo: Dacrymyces (Dacrymyces)
  • Uhlobo: I-Dacrymyces chrysospermus (i-Dacrymyces golden spore)
  • I-Dacrymyces palmatus
  • Tremella palmata Schwein

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) isithombe nencazelo

Igama lamanje i-Dacrymyces chrysospermus Berk. & MA Curtis

Ngo-1873, lesi sikhunta sachazwa isazi se-mycologist saseBrithani uMiles Joseph Berkeley (1803-1889) kanye noMoses Ashley Curtis waseNew Zealand, owasiqamba ngokuthi i-Dacrymyces chrysospermus.

I-Etymology esuka ku-δάκρυμα (dacryma) n, izinyembezi + μύκης, ητος (mykēs, ētos) m, ikhowa. I-epithet chrysospermus ethize ivela ku-χρυσός (Greek) m, igolide, ne-oσπέρμα (isiGreki) - imbewu.

Kwamanye amazwe akhuluma isiNgisi, amakhowe ohlobo lwe-Dacrymyces anelinye igama elidumile elithi “ibhotela labathakathi”, okusho ukuthi “ibhotela lomthakathi”.

emzimbeni othela izithelo asikho isigqoko esiphinyisiwe, isiqu kanye ne-hymenophore. Esikhundleni salokho, wonke umzimba we-fruiting uyisigaxa se-lobed noma esifana nobuchopho sezicubu eziqinile kodwa ze-gelatinous. Imizimba ethela izithelo enobukhulu obusuka ku-3 kuye ku-20 mm ububanzi nobude, ekuqaleni icishe ibe yindilinga, bese ithatha umumo onjengobuchopho obushwabene obumbene, obucaba kancane, ithola ukufana komlenze nekepisi elimise okwekama. Ingaphezulu libushelelezi futhi liyanamathela, nokho, ngaphansi kokukhulisa, ukugoqa kancane kuyabonakala.

Ngokuvamile imizimba yezithelo ihlangana ibe ngamaqembu ukusuka ku-1 kuye ku-3 cm ubude futhi ifike ku-6 cm ububanzi. Umbala wendawo ucebile ophuzi, ophuzi-owolintshi, indawo yokunamathisela ku-substrate incane futhi imhlophe ngokusobala, lapho isomisiwe, umzimba othela izithelo uba bomvu ngokubomvu.

Umtfumbu i-elastic enjenge-gelatin, iba thambile ngokukhula, umbala ofanayo nobuso bemizimba yezithelo. Ayinalo iphunga nephunga elibikiwe.

i-spore powder – yellow.

Impikiswano 18-23 x 6,5-8 microns, side, cishe cylindrical, bushelelezi, izacile-izindonga.

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) isithombe nencazelo

Ihlala phezu kweziqu ezibolayo kanye neziphunzi zezihlahla ze-coniferous. Izithelo, njengomthetho, ngamaqembu ezindaweni zokhuni ngaphandle kwamagxolo, noma emifantwini emagxolweni.

isikhathi sokuthela - cishe yonke inkathi yeqhwa kusukela entwasahlobo kuya ekwindla ngasekupheleni. Ingase futhi ibonakale ngesikhathi sokuncibilika kwasebusika futhi ibekezelela ubusika ngaphansi kweqhwa kahle. Indawo yokusabalalisa ibanzi - endaweni yokusabalalisa amahlathi e-coniferous eNyakatho Melika, e-Eurasia. Ingatholakala futhi enyakatho ye-Arctic Circle.

Ikhowe liyadliwa kodwa alinawo ukunambitheka. Isetshenziswa kokubili eluhlaza njengesengezo kumasaladi, futhi ibilisiwe (ngesobho) futhi ithosiwe (imvamisa ibe yi-batter) ifomu.

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) isithombe nencazelo

I-Dacrymyces vanishing (Dacrymyces deliquescens)

- isihlobo esifanayo esine-gelatinous sinemizimba emincane ethela izithelo eyindilinga efana newolintshi noma ephuzi, enamanzi amaningi.

Izinhlamvu zegolide ze-Dacrimyces, naphezu kwezici ezincane ezihluke ngokuphelele, nazo zinokufana kwangaphandle kwezinye izinhlobo zokundindizela:

Ukuthuthumela kwegolide (Tremella aurantia) ngokungafani nama-dacrimyces aureus spores, ikhula okhunini olufile lwezihlahla ezinamahlamvu abanzi futhi ibulale isikhunta sohlobo lweStereum. Imizimba ethela izithelo yokuthuthumela kwegolide mikhudlwana.

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) isithombe nencazelo

Ukuthuthumela okuwolintshi (Tremella mesenterica)

– iphinde ihluke ekukhuleni ezihlahleni ezivuthulukayo futhi ibulale isikhunta sohlobo lwePeniophora. Umzimba wesithelo wokuvevezela kwewolintshi ngokuvamile uba mkhulu futhi awunawo umbala omhlophe onjalo lapho okunamathiselwe ku-substrate. I-spore powder, ngakolunye uhlangothi, imhlophe ngokungafani nempushana ephuzi ye-Dacrymyces chrysospermus.

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Isithombe: Vicki. Sidinga izithombe ze-Dacrymyces chrysospermus!

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